Globalization has exacerbated the competition between shipowners, thus forcing ports to adapt to ever expanding growth and to reform their organization.
The recovery plan of the main French ports, launched 10 year ago, was thus finalized by the Government following the Act dated 4th of July, the decree dated 9th October and the framework agreement dated 30th October 2008 initiated by the the Minister BUSSEREAU.
Established to support the ports recovery plan, the French Ports Reform defined by the Act dated 4th July 2008 was initiated to help the ports regain their competitiveness and productivity within a European context. After this reform, the French port authorities became Major Seaport Authorities.
Due to the differences among State-controlled seaports of the overseas departments, this reform first applied to the ports of mainland France.
However, the specifities of overseas departments and the strategic role of their ports meant that particular attention was given to their evolution. Given the considerable assets afforded by overseas territories, the Government proposed the initiation of a specific study. Therefore, an interministeral mission was launched in order to define the evolution that could occur within the organization of overseas ports and to reach their potential as regional logistic platforms.
Guadeloupian economy is characterized by its insularity and is strongly dependent on its imports. 95 % of Guadeloupe's imports and exports are handled by the port facilities of Guadeloupe Port Caraïbes. It thus has a key role to play to satisfy Guadeloupian firms and consumers.
By its competitiveness and its capacity to create jobs, it allows the development of export activities. Its growth-generating projects such as the Extension of the Jarry port facility, show its will to preserve direct and efficient maritime services and to develop jobs, in particular through port and logistic activities. Created for this purpose, the overseas ports reform will allow the development of the local economy.
Guadeloupe Port Caraïbes was expecting that the overseas ports reform would, as the French ports recovery plan, provide answers to issues shared with its mainland French counterparts.
After being examined on first reading at the National Assembly on 15th December 2012, the bill of law elaborated by the Joint Committee was adopted on Thursday 26th January 2012. On Tuesday 7th February 2012, the Joint Committee text was approved by the National Assembly. Finally, the Act n°2012-260 dated 22 February 2012 introducing the reform of State-controlled overseas ports as well as a number of dispositions for the adaptation of the legislation to European Union law for transports, was definitely voted, with consideration for the specific characteristics of overseas ports.
The decree n°2012-1103 dated 1st October 2012 has founded the Major Seaport Authority of Guadeloupe and set the 1st January 2013 as date of enforcement of the new governance.Guadeloupe Port Authority thus becomes the "Major Seaport Authority " of Guadeloupe : " Guadeloupe Port Caraïbes ".
Public enterprise corporation seaport, Guadeloupe Port Caraïbes has a corporate status and financial organization of its own, and governed by the Ministry in charge with seaports (Art.2. du décret n°2012-1103). France's Central Government exercises financial and economic control over the corporation. It is administered by a Supervisory Board, a Management Board and a Development Board. Its Head Office remains registered on Pointe-à-Pitre.